Manuscripts submitted to the Yearbook should not be review, studies and should not be under consideration by any other journal. Neither should it have been published in full or partial form in any other journal or full-length conference proceedings. Exceptions to this rule are conference presentations and books of abstracts. The letter accompanying the submission of a manuscript should contain a clear statement to this effect, i.e. the manuscript has not been published and is not under review by any other journals.
Submissions should be produced using a standard word processing program, such as MS Word. Figures or artwork should be supplied in a finished form, suitable for reproduction, as these cannot be redrawn by the journal. Authors are supposed to add their comments as Endnotes. Footnotes should be avoided in this case, unless for mentioning the terms in other languages.
Please ensure that the files are saved as Word files. Any consistent spelling style is acceptable. Use double quotation and use single quotation marks within double if needed.
All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers for direct quotations from print sources.
Do not use ibid., op. cit., infra., supra.
Note the following for the style of text citations:
1. If the author’s name is in the text, follow with year in parentheses:
... Author Last Name (year) has argued ...
2. If author’s name is not in the text, insert last name, comma and year:
... several works (Author Last Name, year) have described ...
3. For direct quotations, the page number follows the year, preceded by ‘p.’ (not a colon):
... it has been noted (Author Last Name, year, p. XXX) that ...
4. Where there are two authors, always cite both names, joined by ‘and’ if within running text and outside of parentheses; joined by an ampersand (&) if within parenthetical material, in tables and in captions, and in the reference list:
… Author Last Name and Author Last Name stated that…
... it has been stated (Author Last Name & Author Last Name, year) ...
5. When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the citation occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al.’ (not italicized and with a period after ‘al’) and the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph:
… Author Last Name, Author Last Name, Author Last Name, and Author Last Name (year) found that…[Use as first citation in text.] [Use ampersand if within parentheses.]
... Author Last Name et al. (year) found that [Use as subsequent citation thereafter.]
6. When a work has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al.’ (not italicized and followed by a period after ‘al’) and the year for the first and subsequent citations.
In the reference list, however, provide the surnames and initials for up to and including the first seven authors. When authors number eight or more, include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipses and then add the last author’s name, for example:
Shackley, H., Powell, J., Leeming, K., Read, A., Goggins, A., Westwood, K., ... Ray, D. R. (2010). Article title. Journal, 20, 220−260.
7. If two references with six or more authors shorten to the same form, cite the surnames of the first authors and of as many of the subsequent authors as necessary to distinguish the two references, followed by a comma and ‘et al.’.
If you have entries for the following references:
… Smith, Jones, Clark, Kumar, Green, and Goggins (2000)
… Smith, Jones, Miller, Green, Powell, and Goggins (2000)
In the text you would cite them, respectively, as:
… Smith, Jones, Clark, et al. (2000) and Smith, Jones, Miller, et al. (2000)
8. If two or more references by the same author are cited together, separate the dates with a comma (in chronological order):
... the author has stated this in several studies (Author Last Name, 2001, 2002, 2006) ...
9. If there is more than one reference to the same author (or by the same two or more authors in the same order) and year, insert the suffixes ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc. after the year of publication and repeat the year. The suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title (of the article, chapter, or complete work):
... it was described (Author Last Name, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c) ...
10. List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname, separated by semicolons:
... and it has been noted (Clark, 2001; Miller, 2001) ...
Exception: You may separate a major citation from other citations within parentheses by inserting a phrase, such as ‘see also’ before the first of the remaining citations, which should be in alphabetical order:
... (Miller, 2001; see also Clark, 2000; Smith, 2000) ...
11. When names of groups (e.g. government agencies, universities, etc.) serve as authors, these are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. However, some group authors can be spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter:
First text citation:
... (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2000) ...
Subsequent text citation:
... (NIMH, 2000) ...
12. When a work has no author as such, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article or chapter or web page and italicize the title of a journal, book, etc.:
... it was stated (“Title of publication”, year) that ...
13. Citations from personal communications are not included in the reference list; cite in text only, giving the initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact a date as possible:
... (Initial and Last Name of Person, personal communication, April 28, 2000).
1. Check that the list is in alphabetical order by surname of the first author (treat Mc and Mac alphabetically and literally, not as if they were all spelled ‘Mac’).
2. Names should be in initial cap then lower case.
3. Where several references have the same author(s), do not use ditto marks or em dashes; the name must be repeated each time.
4. Last Names containing de, van, von, De, Van, Von, de la, etc. should be alphabetized according to the language of origin.
5. Names containing Jr or II should be listed as follows:
Author Last Name, Initials, Jr. (year).
Author Last Name, Initials, II (year).
6. When ordering several works by the same first author:
Brown, J. (2003)
Brown, T. R., & Yates, P. (2003)
Brown, W. (2002)
Brown, W. (2003a)
Brown, W., Hughes, J., & Kent, T. (2003)
Brown, W., & Jones, M. (2003)
Brown, W., & Peters, P. (2002)
7. Check that all periodical data are included – volume and page numbers (complete span, not shortened), publisher, place of publication, etc.
Only give the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number if each issue of a journal begins on page 1.
8. The date of retrieval of online material is no longer required, only the URL; see example below.
9. A word about publisher locations in book references: for all countries outside the US, the country as well as the city of publication should be supplied, e.g. ‘London, UK’, ‘Oxford, UK’, ‘Toronto, Canada’, etc. For the US, the state abbreviation should be included after the city, except when the name of the state is part of the publisher’s name, e.g. ‘New York, NY: Cambridge University Press’; ‘New York: State University of New York’; ‘Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press’.
10. Check journal for examples.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Name, vol no.(issue no.), xx–xx.
Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Affluence in suburbia. Suburbian Studies, 12(1), 9–12.
Author, A. A. (1994). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Affluence in suburbia. London, UK: BL Books.
Chapter in book
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1994). Chapter title. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Book title (pp. xxx–xxx). Location: Publisher.
Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Epping case study. In C. Carter (Ed.), Affluence in suburbia (pp. 200–250). London, UK: BL Books.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (1994). Online article title. Online Journal, xx, xxx–xxx. Retrieved from http://xxxx.xxxx.xx.xx/xxxx/xxxxxx/
Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Epping case study. Suburban studies, 12, 1–9. Retrieved from http://xxxx.xxxx.xx.xx/xxxx/xxxxxx/
All the peer-reviewers of this journal are known to be distinctive professors and are all considered eminent figures in their specific field of study and research. They are all Ph.D. holders enjoying a combination of expertise and seasoning in their specialist area. The peer-reviewers are distinguished as for having a well-earned reputation in the field of research along with a remarkable sense of responsibility while sticking to the essential ethical principles of research.